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Working Papers / European Transnational and Global Governance


State Capacity and Economic Integration: Evidence from the Eastern Enlargement

Author(s): László Bruszt and Nauro F. Campos

Topic(s): Comparative Regional Integration and Regionalism // Economic Development // European Governance // Institutions and Policy-making //

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We study whether and how economic integration increases state capacity. Despite the recent surge in economist’s interest in state capacity, there remains a lack of theory-based detailed empirical measures. This paper introduces a new panel of institutional reform measures. We present a political economy framework highlighting the Montesquieu, Weber and Smith channels and yielding hypotheses about the judiciary, bureaucracy, and competition policy. Our main finding is that the relationship between bureaucratic independence and judiciary capacity seems to be the main engine of the process of state capacity building engendered by the prospect of European Union membership.