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Democracy is government accountable to citizens. But how do states determine who their citizens are and who can participate in elections? Our mission is to answer these questions in a non-partisan way. GLOBALCIT is the most important source of information on citizenship laws and electoral rights. It provides user-friendly open access to a comprehensive collection of data, analyses and scholarly debates for academic researchers and policy communities.

From 2017 GLOBALCIT is the successor of EUDO CITIZENSHIP, which started in 2009 with an initial focus on citizenship laws in the EU Member States and gradually expanded its thematic and geographic scope. The new name reflects our Observatory’s worldwide coverage.

GLOBALCIT addresses the need to understand the varieties of citizenship laws and policies in a globalised world, where national perspectives no longer suffice to explain the transformations of membership. GLOBALCIT provides reliable and comparative data on the content, causes and consequences of the laws that govern the acquisition and loss of citizenship and the franchise. It enables scholars, policy-makers, and the general public to critically analyse how citizenship connects people across international borders.

GLOBALCIT publishes databases, analyses, indicators and debates on citizenship status and electoral rights. It relies on a large international network of academic experts who write country reports, collect legal documents and provide input for our comparative databases. Our user-friendly interactive tools enable the comparison of data across countries and over time.

GLOBALCIT brings together the expertise of the European University Institute’s Global Governance Programme (GGP), the University of Edinburgh and the Maastricht Center for Citizenship, Migration and Development (MACIMIDE). These partners with their permanent research teams form the core of GLOBALCIT. They are represented by the three co-directors of the observatory, Rainer Bauböck, Jo Shaw and Maarten Vink.

In expanding and evolving over the coming years, GLOBALCIT will build on EUDO CITIZENSHIP projects supported by research grants from the European Commission, the European Parliament and the British Academy. Project collaborations have included the University College Dublin, the Migration Policy Group and Centre for European Policy Studies in Brussels, UNHCR, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities and Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. GLOBACIT will further explore partnerships with other European and international organisations that contribute to our goal of promoting research on citizenship around the globe.






Rainer Bauböck


Jo Shaw


Maarten Vink


Jelena Dzankic


Interactive data visualization on citizenship and electoral rights in Europe