Europe in the World Seminar Series
Via della Badia dei Roccettini
9, 50014 Fiesole FI
Sylvanus Afesorgbor: Economic Sanctions and International Trade: How Do Threatened Sanctions Compare with Imposed Sanctions?
In this presentation, Afesorgbor draws on established theoretical works in international political economy to compare the empirical impacts of threat of economic sanctions to actual imposition of economic sanctions on international trade. He analyses in detail whether there is any differential effects when different instruments of sanction are employed. Afesorgbor also examines the international trade effect of sanctions at a more product disaggregated level. Thus, he is able to test whether sanctions have any adverse effect on essential commodities such as food and medical supplies in contravention with the Geneva Convention, which stipulates the passage of such essential goods even in times of sanction. To achieve this, he uses more recent, detailed and disaggregated data on sanctions spanning a longer time series, from 1960-2009. His results show that the impact of threatened sanctions differs qualitatively and quantitatively from imposed sanctions. Whereas imposed sanctions lead to a decrease trade flow between the sender and the target, threat of sanctions lead to an increase in trade flow as a result of stockpiling. In addition, the detrimental effects of sanctions extend to essential products.
Cecilia Tarruell: Prisoners of War and Lives Across Empires During the Early Modern Period
The presentation will discuss phenomena of human circulation across the Mediterranean between Christian and Islamic lands during the late 16th and early 17th centuries. In particular, it will focus on forms of coerced mobility experienced by subjects of the Spanish Empire as a result of the situation of permanent warfare that characterised the Early Modern Mediterranean. Tarruell will emphasise the role of bondage as one of the driving forces in the development of “global lives” built across political, religious and geographical boundaries.