Europe in the World Seminar Series
Via della Badia dei Roccettini
9, 50014 Fiesole FI
Sylvanus Afesorgbor: Economic Sanctions and International Trade: How Do Threatened Sanctions Compare with Imposed Sanctions?
In this presentation, Afesorgbor drew on established theoretical works in international political economy to compare the empirical impacts of threat of economic sanctions to actual imposition of economic sanctions on international trade. He analyzed in detail whether there were any differential effects when different instruments of sanction were employed. Afesorgbor also examined the international trade effect of sanctions at a more product disaggregated level. Thus, he was able to test whether sanctions had any adverse effect on essential commodities such as food and medical supplies in contravention with the Geneva Convention, which stipulated the passage of such essential goods even in times of sanction. To achieve this, he used more recent, detailed and disaggregated data on sanctions spanning a longer time series, from 1960-2009. His results showed that the impact of threatened sanctions differed qualitatively and quantitatively from imposed sanctions. Whereas imposed sanctions led to a decrease trade flow between the sender and the target, threat of sanctions led to an increase in trade flow as a result of stockpiling. In addition, the detrimental effects of sanctions extended to essential products.
Cecilia Tarruell: Prisoners of War and Lives Across Empires During the Early Modern Period
The presentation has discussed phenomena of human circulation across the Mediterranean between Christian and Islamic lands during the late 16th and early 17th centuries. In particular, it has focused on forms of coerced mobility experienced by subjects of the Spanish Empire as a result of the situation of permanent warfare that characterised the Early Modern Mediterranean. Tarruell emphasised the role of bondage as one of the driving forces in the development of “global lives” built across political, religious and geographical boundaries.