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DemandAT Domestic Work Case Study National Experts


Beatriz Camargo

Beatriz Camargo_portraitBeatriz Camargo is a PhD candidate at the Group for Research on Ethnic Relations, Migration and Equality – GERME, at the Institute of Sociology of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium. Her doctoral thesis focuses on the formalization of domestic work in Belgium. Her main areas of interest are migration policy and trends, especially concerning Latin-American migration, gender and labor issues. Prior to joining GERME, Beatriz obtained a European Masters Degree on Humanitarian Action (NOHA) from the Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL)/ Université Aix-Marseille III and, more recently, a Complementary Masters on Human Rights from Université Saint-Louis, Belgium. She also holds a journalism degree from the University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil. In parallel, Beatriz Camargo has been working since 2010 at Abraço, a grassroots organization providing information and guidance to Portuguese-speaking migrants in Brussels.



Cyprus and Greece

Danai Angeli

DanaiAngeliDanai Angeli is a lawyer and a PhD candidate at the European University Institute in Florence. Her research interests lie in the area of migration, disabilities and positive obligations under international human rights law. She has significant litigation experience in the field of migration and asylum and has provided legal representation to irregular migrants and refugees in several cases before the European Court of Human Rights. She also acted as a chair of the Appeal Committees in the Greek asylum service. As a research fellow of the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy she recently completed the MIDAS project, about the cost-effectiveness of irregular migration control practices in Greece.

She is a graduate (LL.B) of the University of Athens and holds an LL.M degree in international human rights law from the University of Essex and an LL.M degree in european, international and comparative law from the EUI. She is a member of the Athens Bar Association.




Florence Lévy

Florence LévyAfter a degree in sinology, Florence Lévy is about to finish her PhD in sociology in Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS, Paris, France) and in Neuchatel University (Switzerland).

Her PhD thesis analyses the gender dimensions of contemporary Northern Chinese migration to France and the transnational dynamics of its social networks. She uses anthropological methods in order to collect accounts of migrants and to understand how they experience and give sense to the constant change of their migratory projects. Her fields of expertise are in sinology, gender and migration studies.

List of main publications :

  • 2014, « Les migrations des femmes du Nord de la Chine : l’exil, alternative à une situation de déclin ? » in Véronique Manry et Natalia Ribas Mateos (eds.), Mobilités au féminin. La place des femmes dans le nouvel état du monde, Karthala, Paris.
  • 2013, Avec Karin Sohler, « Migration Careers and Professional Trajectories of Irregular Domestic Workers in France » In Anna Triandafyllidou (ed.), Irregular Migrant Domestic Workers in Europe, Surrey, Ashgate Publishing, 
  • 2012,  The Migration of Women from Northern China: A Gender-oriented Choice?, China Perspectives, n°4 : 43-51 
  • 2011, Avec Marylène Lieber, « Sex and Emotion-based Relations as a Resource in Migration: Northern Chinese Women in Paris » Revue française de sociologie, Supplément an anglais, vol. 52 : 3-28 



Letizia Palumbo

Letizia Palumbo PhotoLetizia Palumbo is a Research Assistant (national expert on trafficking) in the project “Addressing Demand in Anti-Trafficking Efforts and Policies (DemandAT)” (FP7 European Commission funded project) at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies. She is also a Post-Doctoral Researcher in Comparative Law at the Department of European Studies and International Integration at the University of Palermo, Italy. She graduated with a degree in Political Sciences at the University of Bologna, and in 2012 she completed her PhD in Human Rights at the University of Palermo. 

Her research interests include human trafficking, gender and migration, labour exploitation, human rights and women’s rights. At present, she is conducting theoretical and empirical research on trafficking for labour exploitation in the EU, in particular in Italy and in the UK. 

She has been a visiting fellow at a number of international universities, including the Columbia Law School, New York; the Fordham Law School, New York; and the Birkbeck School of Law, London. She also currently serves as a trainer on human trafficking and anti-trafficking interventions. 

Selected Publications

  • Palumbo (Forthcoming), Protection of Trafficked People in Italy: Policies, Limits and Challenges, Journal of Money Laundering Control.
  • Palumbo (Forthcoming), The Borders of Legal Motherhood: Rethinking Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Europe in Y. Ergas, J. Jenson and S. Michel (Eds.), Bodies and Borders: Negotiating Motherhood in the 21st Century, NY, Columbia University Press.
  • Palumbo (2014), Labour Exploitation and Trafficking in the Agricultural Sector. Reflections on the (In)Efficacy of Anti-trafficking Interventions in Italy, The Cardozo Electronic Law Bulletin.
  • Palumbo (2013), Ius Migrandi. Concetti e limiti, Ragion Pratica, N. 41, Dicembre, 2013, pp. 1-8.
  • Palumbo (2013) (Ed.), Ius Migrandi. Concetti e limiti, Ragion Pratica, N. 41.

Online Articles

  • Palumbo, A. Sciurba (2014), Le donne delle serre. Storie di sfruttamento nelle campagne del ragusano, Melting Pot.
  • Palumbo, S. Romano (2014), La Corte dei diritti dell’uomo, un po’ meno delle donne. Ingenere.



Eefje de Volder

EefjeEefje de Volder is a PhD Researcher at the Department of European and International Public Law of Tilburg University and has an educational background both in cultural anthropology and in law. For her master thesis in cultural anthropology, she conducted 5 months research in Pattaya, Thailand, into the coping strategies of women working in the sex tourism in Pattaya, Thailand.

Eefje has worked extensively with dr. Conny Rijken, who is an internationally renowned scholar in the field of human trafficking. Together they published successfully on the role of the EU in relation to trafficking. In addition, Eefje has assisted dr. Conny Rijken in a 16-month project commissioned by the EU Commission on ‘Facilitating Corporate Social Responsibility to Prevent Trafficking in Human Beings’. Further, Eefje has, together with Conny Rijken and Stefanie Jansen-Wilhelm, conducted an independent evaluation of the first evaluation round of GRETA (Council of Europe). 

List of main publications : 

  • C.R.J.J. Rijken & E.J.A. de Volder (2014) CSR to Prevent THB: Mapping of the Agricultural Sector in the Netherlands (Wolf Legal Publishers)
  • C.R.J.J. Rijken, S. Jansen-Wilhelm and E.J.A. de Volder (2014) Taking Stock of GRETA’s Monitoring Function (Council of Europe 
  • C.R.J.J. Rijken, and E.J.A. de Volder (2010), ‘The European Union’s Struggle to Realise a Human-Rights Based Approach to Trafficking in Human Beings: A Call on the EU to take THB-Sensitive Action in Relevant Areas of Law’ 25 Connecticut Journal of International Law 49-80.


United Kingdom

Thanos Maroukis

HSS Staff Portraits March 2013Thanos Maroukis is a Research Fellow at the Dept of Social and Policy Sciences, University of Bath, UK. He has recently concluded a Marie Curie Research Fellowship on migration and temporary agency work in the EU. He has worked as a national expert and research coordinator in various interdisciplinary and large collaborative research projects on migration funded by DG Research and the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Commission, and the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals.  Thanos’s principal areas of research are economic sociology and the sociology of work, sociology of migration and migration policy (with a particular focus on migrant smuggling and human trafficking), critical political economy and social policy. He has authored several articles in scientific journals, book chapters and newspaper articles. His books include Migrant Smuggling: Irregular Migration from Asia and Africa to Europe (2012, Palgrave MacMillan, co-author), Migration in 21st century Greece (2010, Kritiki, co-editor, in Greek), Economic Migration in Greece: labour market and social inclusion (2009, Papazisi, in Greek).