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Addressing Demand in Anti-Trafficking Efforts and Policies (DemandAT)

Looking into Trafficking in domestic work sector
the demand-side



Country Studies and Policy Briefs

Employment of domestic workers in Europe is widespread. Yet, informal working arrangements persist. Behind closed doors of private homes, exploitation and trafficking might occur.

A new series of Country Studies and Policy Briefs examine the demand-side of trafficking in the domestic work sector in seven European countries: Belgium, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands and the UK.

The study brings visibility and new data on this under-researched and hidden phenomenon happening in Europe.

To see all the publications: DemandATEUI Cadmus


Working Paper

Trafficking in Domestic Work: Looking at the Demand-Side, by Alexandra Ricard-Guay.
This paper develops the framework for research for the case study on trafficking in domestic work.


Upcoming events

12-13 of October 2016 – Workshop ‘Trafficking for severe Labour Exploitation in Europe: Addressing demand’
The objective of this workshop is to inform and rethink measures preventing and tackling trafficking for severe labour exploitation, bringing together researchers, policy makers and other key stakeholders.



Domestic Work Case Study (Lead EUI)

This research on the demand-side of trafficking in the domestic work sector is part of the DemandAT project, an interdisciplinary research that brings together nine partners across seven European countries. The domestic work case study is one of the five empirical case studies undertaken under the DemandAT project.

A major feature of domestic work in many countries is that it is an informal working arrangement, often involving migrants in an irregular status, making them particularly vulnerable to exploitation. WP8 has three main objectives. First of all, the types of domestic work that may involve extreme forms of exploitation and abuse will be investigated, including forced labour and trafficking in human beings. Secondly, the dynamics between demand for trafficking and supply, i.e. people vulnerable to trafficking, will be examined. Finally, a set of measures will be proposed for national and international policy-makers, with a view to stepping up actions to combat trafficking in human beings for exploitation in domestic work and other severe forms of exploitation of domestic workers. On the basis of research in seven different countries: Belgium, UK, France, Greece, Italy, Cyprus and the Netherlands, the research will examine what kind of work is involved in trafficking in human beings in the domestic work sector, what are the motivations and the profits behind it and the circumstances that allow it to take place.

For more information on DemandAT

Download the Pamphlet



Past events and project meetings

UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons- Keynote speech  ‘Addressing demand in the context of different forms of trafficking’ – Florence, 12 November 2015

DemandAT and Trafficko Workshop – Trafficking for Labour Exploitation in Domestic Work – Florence, 11 November 2015

DemandAT Stakeholder Workshop “Addressing demand?” – Brussels, 5 June 2015

Case study “Trafficking in the domestic work sector” (EUI), Kick off meeting – Florence, 15-16 December 2014

DemandAT Consortium, Second  Project meeting – Bremen, 15-20 September 2014

DemandAT Consortium, Kick off meeting – Vienna, 27-29  February 2014




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EUI Team

Anna Triandafyllidou

Anna Triandafyllidou
EUI Coordinator

Alexandra Ricard-Guay

Alexandra Ricard-Guay
Principal Researcher


National Experts

Beatriz Camargo

Beatriz Camargo

Danai Angeli

Danai Angeli

Cyprus and Greece
Florence Lévy

Florence Lévy

Letizia Palumbo

Letizia Palumbo

Eefje de Volder

Eefje de Volder

Thanos Maroukis

Thanos Maroukis

United Kingdom





Lund University BW
Florence Lévy
La Strada Czech

European_Union This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 612869